Biggest Library in India, List of Top-10

India, a country known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse history, is home to one of the largest repositories of knowledge in the world – the National Library of India. Located in Kolkata, West Bengal, this prestigious institution stands as a testament to India’s commitment to preserving its intellectual treasures and fostering a love of learning.

India’s largest library 2023

In form of 2023The National Library of India, located in Kolkatastands as The largest library in the country and the seventh largest in the world. year of establishment 1836It has a residence An impressive collection of over 2.2 million books, Including rare manuscripts and Rabindranath Tagore’s personal library, Open to the public for reference and research, this prestigious institution remains a symbol of knowledge and cultural heritage. Other notable libraries in India include Asiatic Society Library in Mumbaifamous for its antiquity Sanskrit Manuscripts, and S.R. Ranganathan Memorial Library In Bangalore, library dedicated to science and information technology.

Main facts related to India’s largest library

Know some interesting facts related to this here National Library of India, India’s largest library,

  • Place: The National Library of India is located in Belvedere Estate, Alipore, Kolkata.
  • size and scope: It is India’s largest library by volume and public records, with a collection of over 2.5 million books and records.
  • government inspection: National Library operates under the Ministry of Culture of the Government of India.
  • Director General: By 2020, Dr. Prof. Ajay Pratap Singh serves as the Director General (Additional), as well as the Head of the Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library Foundation, Kolkata.
  • historical significance: Originally the residence of the Governor General of Bengal and India during British rule, it later became the residence of the Lieutenant Governor.
  • merger of libraries: The National Library is the result of the merger of the Public Library with the Imperial Library and several other government libraries.
  • multilingual collection: It collects books, magazines and titles in almost all Indian languages, with special collections in at least fifteen languages.
  • Origin of the Imperial Library: The Imperial Library, formed in 1891, contained many books from the East India College, Fort William and the East India Board in London.
  • name change: After independence, the Imperial Library was renamed as the National Library by the Imperial Library (Alteration of Name) Act, 1948.
  • public opening:The National Library was officially opened to the public by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad on February 1, 1953.
  • Name change (1976)): It was renamed as National Library of India by the National Library of India Act, 1976.
  • Hidden Chamber Discovery (2010)): During restoration in 2010, a previously unknown room was discovered, leading to speculation about its purpose and historical use.
  • meeting time: The National Library is open from 9 AM to 8 PM on working days and from 9:30 AM to 6:00 PM on Saturdays, Sundays and Government of India holidays.
  • closed on national holidays: It is closed on Republic Day (26 January), Independence Day (15 August) and Gandhi Jayanti (2 October).

Look at this: World’s largest library

List of Top 10 Largest Libraries in India

National Library of IndiaLocated in Kolkataholds the title of largest library in india with a collection size of 2.2 millionThis is followed by Raza Library, Saraswati Mahal Library and Anna Centenary Library.

here is the list Top 10 largest libraries India,

largest libraries in india
Post name of library Place Establishment collection size
1. National Library of India Kolata, West Bengal 1836 2.2 million
2. Raza Library Rampur, Uttar Pradesh 1951 30,000+
3. Saraswati Mahal Library Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu 16th century 49,000+
4. Anna Centenary Library Kotturpuram, Chennai 2010 500,000+
5. Krishnadas Shama Central Library Panaji, Goa 1832 180,000+
6. Trivandrum Public Library Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 1829 300,000+
7. Smt. Hansa Mehta Library Vadodara, Gujarat 1950 ,
8. Asiatic Society Mumbai, Maharashtra 1804 15,000+
9. Delhi Public Library New Delhi 1951 1.8 million
10. Sheshadri Memorial Library Bengaluru 1915 300,000+

Largest Library in India – National Library of India

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National Library of India, located in KolkataIs India’s largest and world’s seventh largest library, year of establishment 1836there are houses in it Over 2.2 million booksFeaturing a diverse collection of rare manuscripts and a variety of Indian and foreign languages, In particular, it preserves the personal library of Rabindranath Tagore and provides a spacious reading room for public reference and research.

India’s second largest library – Raza Library

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Ranked as India’s second largest libraryThe Raza Library, Rampur, North State, lives inside a palace. established by Nawaz Faizullah Khan, this vast repository boasts of rare Islamic calligraphy, historical documents, palm leaf manuscripts and miniature paintings. accommodation is over 30,000 booksIt is a rich treasure trove of knowledge and history.

India’s third largest library – Saraswati Mahal Library

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As India’s third largest library, Saraswati Mahal LibraryEstablished as a royal repository for Nayak Raja of Thanjavur, one of the oldest in the country. Its unique collection of palm leaf manuscripts in diverse regional languages ​​reflects the cultural richness of India. An important destination for history and culture enthusiasts, it preserves a unique piece of the country’s heritage.

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