In a remarkable development aimed at strengthening cultural ties, Indian government, Below New education policy, decided to include Persian (Persian) as one of Nine classical languages of India. The announcement was made by External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar during his two-day visit to Iran, which highlighted cultural, literary and linguistic ties between Iran and India.
Historical and cultural importance of Persian
Persian, also spelled Farsi, is an Indo-Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian languages. It has rich historical and cultural significance not only in Iran but also in the wider Persian-speaking world. The language is known for its extensive literary heritage, with poets such as Rumi and Hafez making significant contributions to Persian literature.
Classical languages in India: an overview
Before the inclusion of Persian, India recognized six languages as classical: Tamil (2004), Sanskrit (2005), Kannada (2008), Telugu (2008), Malayalam (2013), and Oriya (2014). The criteria for declaring a language ‘classical’ include a recorded history of 1500–2000 years, a valuable heritage of ancient literature, an original literary tradition, and distinctiveness from modern forms or branches.
Benefits of classical language status
Recognition as a classical language brings many benefits, such as international awards for scholars, establishment of centers of excellence for studies in classical languages and creation of professional chairs for classical languages in central universities.
Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution
The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution contains a list of the official languages of the Republic of India. 22 languages. This schedule is important for representation in the Official Language Commission and enriching Hindi and English, the official languages of the Union. The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, governed by Articles 344(1) and 351 list the official languages of India, which currently number 22. This program initially included 14 languages in 1950, With gradual additions over the years, it reflects the linguistic diversity and cultural richness of India.
Important questions related to exam
Q1. Which of the following languages has recently been included as one of the nine classical languages of India under the new education policy?
Q2. Who announced the inclusion of Persian (Persian) as a classical language during his two-day visit to Iran?
Q3. Which poets have been mentioned for their significant contributions to Persian literature, emphasizing the rich historical and cultural importance of Persian?
Q4. What are the criteria considered for declaring a language as ‘classical’ in India?
Q5. What benefit does a language in India gain from being recognized as a classical language?
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