Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, In his interim budget speech for 2024-25, he indicated that the government will actively “promote” vaccination Fight cervical cancer. Despite this commitment, the Finance Minister did not provide specific details about the government’s plan, leading to uncertainty about its inclusion in the national vaccination program.
Sitharaman said, “Our government will encourage vaccination of older girls 9 to 14 years As a preventive measure against cervical cancer during his budget speech.
Cervical Cancer in India: Addressing the Urgent Need
Cervical cancer incidence in India The second most common cancer in women, Presenting a significant health challenge. is the primary cause of cervical cancer human papillomavirus (HPV). Despite efforts by the central government to implement cancer screening programs across the country, HPV prevalence remains high due to low awareness and limited access to vaccination programs.
Expert Insights and Recommendations
Dr. Krithiga SridharAn epidemiologist from the Centers for Chronic Disease Control (CCDC) stressed the global commitment to eliminate cervical cancer through vaccination, screening, early diagnosis and treatment. Cervical cancer is the leading cancer among women in rural areas And according to National Cancer Registry data, it is the second most common female cancer in India, comprising about one-fifth of all cancers in women.
enhancing prevention and treatment strategies
Highlighting the urgency, Dr. Krithiga Sridhar stressed the importance of Population-level screening and HPV vaccination programs. They called for promoting collaboration to identify critical research and implementation gaps for better prevention and treatment strategies in India, assess screening preparedness, and increase cervical cancer research capacity.
Progress and initiatives in all states
NTAGI (National Immunization Technical Advisory Group) had recommended the introduction of HPV vaccine in UIP on June 28, 2022, proposing a one-time catch-up program for adolescent girls aged 9-14 years, with Later, regular introduction will be given at the age of nine. years of age. Many states have already taken active steps in this direction.
State initiative for HPV vaccination
Delhi Launched a program for girls aged 9–14 in 2016, achieving high coverage rates. PPunjab, Sikkim, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra has announced free HPV vaccination for school girls in specific districts as part of pilot programmes. Mizoram At the same time, free HPV vaccination has been included in its routine vaccination program for girls aged 10-12 years. Uttar Pradesh It has also announced free HPV vaccination for school girls in select districts as part of a pilot programme.
Important questions related to exam
- Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman proposed to “encourage vaccination as a preventive measure against cervical cancer” for which age group?
- Which state launched a program for HPV vaccination for girls aged 9-14 in 2016?
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