PM Inaugurates Rs 400 Crore Fast Reactor Plant In Tamil Nadu

Prime Minister Narendra Modi marked a historic moment by dedicating it Rs 400 crore demonstration fast reactor fuel reprocessing plant (DFRP) Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam, For the nation. The facility is an important step towards advancing India’s nuclear capabilities, designed to reprocess fuel Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR).

Bhavini’s efforts

Fast Reactor Power Generation Company, Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited Kalpakkam based (Bhavini) is at the forefront of this initiative. Bhavini is currently setting up PFBR Plans for two additional fast reactors in the future. DFRP, a pilot project for larger facilities, plays an important role in reprocessing fuel from the upcoming PFBR.

Innovative design by Indian scientists

DFRP claims Unique design, completely crafted by Indian scientists, The facility is capable of reprocessing both carbide and oxide fuel from fast reactors, establishing it as the only facility of its kind globally. The successful implementation of this design is a testament to India’s growing strength in nuclear technology.

Key role in commercial scale fast reactor fuel reprocessing

Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) highlights DFRP as an important step towards setting up large commercial scale fast reactor fuel reprocessing plants. The integration of state-of-the-art technology in this plant strengthens India’s commitment to achieve self-reliance in nuclear fuel cycle capabilities.

Progress in PFBR Commissioning

Integrated Commissioning of PFBR, managed by Bhavini, running well. Important milestones include filling the main vessel with water 1.15 ton liquid sodium last August. The successful deployment of indigenously manufactured primary and secondary sodium pumps adds to the optimistic outlook. The advanced stage of integrated commissioning indicates a promising future for fast reactor power generation.

Fast Reactor Fuel Cycle Facility (FRFCF)

Adjacent to Kalpakkam, the fast reactor fuel cycle facility (FRFCF) is under construction and is estimated to be completed by December 2027. This ambitious project is being implemented by Nuclear Recycling Board, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, And DAE’s budget was originally estimated at approximately Rs 9,600 crore. The primary goal of FRFCF is Reprocessing of spent fuel from fast breeder reactors, Emphasizing its integral role in India’s three-stage nuclear energy programme.

Importance of Fast Breeder Reactors

Fast breeder reactors, which are capable of producing more material than can be consumed for nuclear fission reactions, are key components of India’s nuclear energy strategy. The FRFCF project is not only a technological leap, but also a major achievement generator of employmentThe nuclear power sector is expected to provide employment to an estimated 1,500-2,000 people.

Important questions related to exam

1. What is the primary objective of a Performance Fast Reactor Fuel Reprocessing Plant (DFRP)?
One. Power Generation
B. nuclear research
C. Reprocessing of fuel from Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR)

2. Which organization is responsible for setting up PFBR and additional fast reactors at Kalpakkam?
One. Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research (IGCAR)
B. Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (BHAVINI)
C. Department of Atomic Energy (DAE)

3. What material was loaded into the main vessel of PFBR during its commissioning phase?
One. liquid nitrogen
B. liquid sodium
C. salt water

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