Recap 2023- Important Bills passed by the Parliament in 2023

According to Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, 47 Bills Those introduced this year include the Finance Bill and the Appropriation Bill, presented annually by the Finance Ministry, which form part of the Budget. About 30 bills have been passed by both the houses of Parliament. The remainder are pending and are likely to be passed in 2024, given that the government enjoys a majority in both houses.

The bill aims to curb film piracy by giving offenders a prison sentence of up to three years 5% of production cost. The law also expands the number of age ratings available. Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC). However, the government has opted to retain the censorship powers of the CBFC, even though the film fraternity is saying that the board’s role should be to determine the maturity of content and not recommend cuts.

Multi-State Cooperative Societies Bill 01 August

To curb nepotism in cooperative societies and ensure fair elections, this legislation seeks to establish a ‘Cooperative Election Authority’ to bring about electoral reforms in the sector. there are about 8.6 lakh cooperative societies In the country, among which active Primary Agricultural Cooperative Societies (PACs) are around 63,000.

Press and Periodical Registration Bill 03 August

Another Act to replace old colonial law, this law decriminalizes certain provisions in the old law to aid ease of doing business. The Bill aims to simplify the online process of title verification and registration of journals Press Registrar General of Registrar of Newspapers for India (RNI). The Bill has provisions relating to circulation and verification of newspapers. It also provides for prior approval of the Central Government for publication of facsimile editions of foreign journals in India.

National Dental Commission Bill 08 August

This major health law, intended to radically transform dental education and the dental landscape, was passed without debate. With this law the government can set fees 50% seats In private dental colleges, expectations for affordable dental education are rising.

National Nursing and Midwifery Commission Bill 08 August

A law that aims to bring in a commission and autonomous boards to regulate the nursing profession has not received a positive response from nurses, who claim it takes away the autonomy of nursing unions. Interestingly, the bill was passed without debate in both houses as the opposition was protesting against the government’s apathy in dealing with caste violence in Manipur.

Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2023 08 August

An attempt has been made to amend this Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991. It empowers the Central Government to make rules with respect to the affairs of the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, including the duties, terms and other conditions of service of officers and employees. It also provides for the constitution of the National Capital Civil Services Authority, consisting of Chief Minister of Delhi, Chief Secretary of Delhi and Principal Home Secretary of Delhi.

Digital Personal Data Protection Bill 09 August

Nearly six years after the Supreme Court recognized privacy as a fundamental right under the Constitution, the government came up with Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, For which companies need to better protect the digital data received from individuals. Firms are liable to pay a fine of up to ₹250 crore For failing to protect user data or defaulting on disclosure requirements.

Nari Shakti Vandan Act 22 September

it is called Nari Shakti Vandan Act or the Women’s Reservation Bill or by its official name, The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-eighth) Amendment Bill, 2023, this major amendment ensures 33% reservation for women in Parliament and state legislatures. However, the provisions of this bill are unlikely to find light in the upcoming general elections as it will come into force only after the delimitation exercise.

Post Office Bill December 04

The bill replaces the colonial-era Indian Post Office Act, 1898. While the government claims the new law will improve the efficiency of the postal department, the opposition has raised concerns over privacy and state surveillance. According to the provisions of the Bill, an officer-in-charge can open, stop or detain any postal article if he suspects that it may constitute a threat to security or public safety.

Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization (Amendment) Bill, 2023 11 December

This bill amends Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019. The 2019 Act amended the Second Schedule of the 1950 Act to specify the total number of seats in the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly as 83. This bill increases the total number of seats to 90. In this, seven seats are reserved for Scheduled Castes and nine for Scheduled Castes. Seats for Scheduled Tribes.

Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2023 11 December

wants to amend the bill Jammu and Kashmir Reservation Act, 2004. This Act provides reservation in admission to jobs and professional institutions to members of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other socially and educationally backward classes. The Bill replaces the vulnerable and deprived classes declared by the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir with Other Backward Classes.

Chief Election Commissioner and Other Election Commissioners (Appointment, Conditions and Tenure of Service) Bill 12 December

Another controversial amendment that changes the way The Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners are appointed. Since 1991, when the original Act came into force, the appointment of election commissioners has been an executive decision. However, the government has now amended the Act to make the selection process similar to that of Information Commissioners; These officers will now be selected by the Prime Minister, a Union Cabinet Minister and the Leader of the Opposition/Leader of the largest opposition party in the Lok Sabha.

Criminal Law Amendment 20 December

Indian Judiciary (Second) Code Bill, 2023; The Indian Civil Defense (Second) Code, 2023 and the Indian Evidence (Second) Bill, 2023 – together will replace the legacy Indian Penal Code of 1860, the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1973 and the Indian Evidence Act of 1872. The Union Home Ministry’s ambitious bills were passed through a parliamentary standing committee amid dissenting notes from the opposition, ranging from not having equivalent English names to grammatical errors and questions about the haste in bringing in the new laws.

Telecom bill 20th December

Presented by Ministry of Communications and IT, This Bill replaces the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885And Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act, 1933. While the bill was intended to update the existing regulatory framework taking into account modern advances and challenges in the telecommunications sector, its scope also raises concerns about privacy and surveillance.

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