World Unani Day is celebrated every year on 11 February. celebrating the birth anniversary of Hakeem Ajmal Khan, A renowned Unani physician and visionary who made significant contributions to the field of Unani medicine. The day is dedicated to raising awareness about the Unani system of medicine, one of the oldest health care systems in the world, which originated in Greece and was further developed in the Middle East and South Asia. The celebration of World Unani Day underlines the importance of traditional medicine in contemporary health care and its potential to promote health, well-being and sustainable health care solutions globally.
The Unani system of medicine, also known as Greco-Arab medicine, has its roots in the teachings of Greek physicians such as Hippocrates and Galen. It was later enriched by Arab and Persian scholars during the medieval period, especially by the works of Avicenna (Ibn Sina), who contributed significantly to its theoretical and practical knowledge base. The system came to India around the 12th century and flourished under the patronage of the Mughal Empire, blending with Indian traditional medicine and practices.
Hakim Ajmal Khan’s legacy
Hakim Ajmal Khan (1868–1927) was an important figure in the history of Unani medicine in India. He was not only a physician but also a strong advocate of the integration of Unani with other forms of traditional medicine. His efforts led to the establishment of institutions like Jamia Hamdard and Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College in Delhi, which played an important role in education and research in Unani medicine. Celebrating World Unani Day on his birth anniversary is a tribute to his contribution and legacy in reviving and promoting Unani medicine.
principles of unani medicine
Unani medicine is based on the principles of four fluids: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. It emphasizes the balance between these elements within the body to maintain health and treat diseases. The Unani approach to health is holistic, considering physical, mental and environmental factors in diagnosis and treatment. Treatment in Unani medicine involves the use of herbal remedies, dietary practices and lifestyle modifications.
Importance of World Unani Day
World Unani Day serves multiple purposes: it raises awareness of the Unani system of medicine, encourages the integration of traditional knowledge with modern health care practices, and promotes natural and holistic approaches to health and wellness. . The day also highlights the need for research and development into traditional medical systems to validate their practices and integrate them into mainstream health care.
Festivals and Activities
World Unani Day is celebrated by educational institutions, health care organizations and practitioners of Unani medicine by organizing seminars, workshops and awareness programs. These events aim to educate the public about the benefits and practices of Unani medicine, its historical significance and its relevance in today’s health care scenario. Additionally, efforts are made to promote research in the field of Unani medicine, encouraging collaboration between traditional practitioners and modern medical researchers.