Zoological Survey of India Names New Marine Species after President Droupadi Murmu

Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has identified and named a new species of marine head-shield sea slug discovered off the West Bengal and Odisha coasts. nominated melanochlamys drupadi, This specific species has a ruby ​​red spot on it and has unique characteristics that distinguish it from other sea slugs.

search and naming

  • This species was discovered from the coastal areas of Digha in West Bengal and Udaipur in Odisha.
  • It is characterized by its small, blunt cylindrical body, smooth dorsal surface and distinctive red spot.
  • Named after the President of India, Draupadi Murmu, Melanochlamys Draupadi This was confirmed through morphological, physiological and molecular examinations.

physical characteristics

  • Melanochlamys drupadi is a small invertebrate, up to 7 mm in length, with a brownish-black colour.
  • Its unique feature is the presence of a ruby ​​red spot at the hind end.
  • This species is hermaphroditic and is usually found crawling in the intertidal zone of sandy beaches.

Behavior and habitat

  • Sea slugs leave distinctive crawl marks on sandy beaches when moving.
  • Breeding occurs between November and January, and the species is known to secrete transparent mucus to form a protective covering against sand particles.
  • It prefers to crawl under smooth sand, forming a mobile capsule where its body is rarely visible.

Distribution and importance

  • While species of the Melanochlamys genus are generally found in temperate regions of the Indo-Pacific Ocean region, Melanochlamys draupadi is unique to the West Bengal and Odisha coasts.
  • The discovery increases our understanding of marine biodiversity in the region and highlights the importance of continued research and conservation efforts.

Important facts for all competitive exams

  • Zoological Survey of India Headquarters: Kolkata;
  • Establishment of Zoological Survey of India: 1 July 1916;
  • Director of Zoological Survey of India: Dr. Dhriti Banerjee;
  • Founder of Zoological Survey of India: Indian government.

Zoological Survey of India names new marine species after President Draupadi Murmu_40.1

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